Journal article

Site-directed mutagenesis of amino acids 33-44 of the common alpha-subunit reveals different structural requirements for heterodimer expression among the glycoprotein hormones and suggests that cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate production and growth promotion are potentially dissociable functions of human thyrotropin.

M Grossmann, MW Szkudlinski, JA Dias, H Xia, R Wong, D Puett, BD Weintraub

Mol Endocrinol | Published : 1996

Abstract

Amino acid residues 33-44 of the common alpha-subunit of the glycoprotein hormones have been implicated in heterodimerization as well as high affinity receptor binding of human (h) CG. In the present study, we compared the role of specific amino acids within this region for glycoprotein hormone heterodimer formation, using a transient transfection system to coexpress different mutant alpha-subunit constructs with the beta-subunit of either hTSH, hCG, or hFSH. Our results identified a crucial role for alpha Pro38 in the heterodimer expression of hTSH as well as hFSH, similiar to what had been described for hCG. In contrast, alpha Ala38, which had been critical for hCG, was not essential for h..

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