Ketoacidosis in pancreatectomized man.
AJ Barnes, SR Bloom, K Goerge, GM Alberti, P Smythe, FP Alford, DJ Chisholm
N Engl J Med | Published : 1977
We investigated the importance of glucagon in the development of diabetic ketoacidosis by withholding insulin from six patients with juvenile-type diabetes and four totally pancreatectomized subjects. Patients were fasting and had previously been maintained on intravenous insulin for 24 hours. In diabetic patients plasma glucagon concentrations rose sharply after withdrawal of insulin, and the increases were accompanied by a rise in blood ketone concentration of 4.1+/-0.7 (S.E.M.) and blood glucose concentration of 12.5+/-1.8 mmol per liter by 12 hours. In the pancreatectomized patients, despite the absence of measurable glucagon, blood ketones rose by 1.8+/-0.8 and blood glucose by 7.7+/-1..View full abstract