Journal article

Nipple pain associated with breastfeeding: incorporating current neurophysiology into clinical reasoning

Lisa H Amir, Lester E Jones, Miranda L Buck

AUSTRALIAN FAMILY PHYSICIAN | ROYAL AUSTRALIAN COLLEGE GENERAL PRACTITIONERS | Published : 2015

Abstract

BACKGROUND: New mothers frequently experience breastfeeding problems, in particular nipple pain. This is often attributed to compression, skin damage, infection or dermatitis. OBJECTIVE: To outline an integrated approach to breastfeeding pain assessment that seeks to enhance current practice. DISCUSSION: Our clinical reasoning model resolves the complexity of pain into three categories: local stimulation, external influences and central modulation. Tissue pathology, damage or inflammation leads to local stimulation of nociceptors. External influences such as creams and breast pumps, as well as factors related to the mother, the infant and the maternal-infant interaction, may exacerbate the p..

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