TH2 and 'TH2-like' cells in allergy and asthma: pharmacological perspectives.
GP Anderson, AJ Coyle
Trends Pharmacol Sci | Published : 1994
Recently, considerable progress has been made in understanding the molecular basis by which cytokines released from CD4+ helper T cells contribute to allergic disease. A subset of CD4+ helper T cells, termed TH2 cells, produce interleukin 4 (IL-4) and IL-5, but not interferon gamma. IL-4 has a critical role in causing B-cell immunoglobulin-isotype switch leading to IgE synthesis, and IL-5 governs eosinophilic inflammation of airway tissue. Studies on the mechanisms whereby TH2 cells, and non-T cells such as metachromatic cells, produce a highly restricted panel of cytokines has revealed molecular mechanisms that may affect our views on the induction and treatment of asthma, and these are dis..View full abstract