Why are long-acting beta-adrenoceptor agonists long-acting?
GP Anderson, A Lindén, KF Rabe
European Respiratory Journal | Published : 1994
The extended duration of bronchodilation due to formoterol and salmeterol greatly exceeds that of short acting beta 2-adrenoceptor agonists, such as salbutamol or terbutaline. This extended duration and their capacity to "reassert" airway smooth muscle relaxation in vitro despite repeated washing has prompted considerable debate on the underlying mechanism(s). The comparative pharmacology, and molecular modelling of these drugs and of the beta 2-adrenoceptor and its ligand binding core have cast doubt on the exosite/exoceptor model previously proposed to explain the behaviour of salmeterol. We present evidence supporting a unifying hypothesis that the duration of action both of formoterol an..View full abstract