Increased airways responsiveness to histamine induced by platelet activating factor in the guinea-pig: possible role of lipoxygenase metabolites.
GP Anderson, HL White, MR Fennessy
Agents Actions | Published : 1988
In anaesthetized guinea-pigs pretreated with propranolol (1 mg/kg, i.v.), platelet activating factor (Paf, 0.02 micrograms/kg, i.v.) caused an acute increase in airways response to histamine (0.5-3.0 micrograms/kg, i.v.) measured as intratracheal pressure. Treatment with the cyclooxygenase inhibitors, aspirin (10 mg/kg, i.v.) or indomethacin (5 mg/kg, i.v.), enhanced the magnitude and duration of this effect but a combined lipoxygenase/cyclooxygenase inhibitor, BW 755C (20 mg/kg, i.v.), prevented the increase in responsiveness. In aspirin treated animals, a putative lipoxygenase inhibitor NDGA (10 mg/kg, i.v.). or atropine methyl nitrate (1 mg/kg, i.v.) or bilateral vagotomy reduced the magn..View full abstract