Journal article

Reversal of Latency as Part of a Cure for HIV-1

Thomas Aagaard Rasmussen, Martin Tolstrup, Ole Schmeltz Sogaard

TRENDS IN MICROBIOLOGY | ELSEVIER SCI LTD | Published : 2016

Abstract

Here, the use of pharmacological agents to reverse HIV-1 latency will be explored as a therapeutic strategy towards a cure. However, while clinical trials of latency-reversing agents LRAs) have demonstrated their ability to increase production of latent HIV-1, such interventions have not had an effect on the size of the latent HIV-1 reservoir. Plausible explanations for this include insufficient host immune responses against virus-expressing cells, the presence of escape mutations in archived virus, or an insufficient scale of latency reversal. Importantly, these early studies of LRAs were primarily designed to investigate their ability to perturb the state of HIV-1 latency; using the absenc..

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