The impact of retail cigarette marketing practices on youth smoking uptake.
Sandy J Slater, Frank J Chaloupka, Melanie Wakefield, Lloyd D Johnston, Patrick M O'Malley
JAMA Pediatrics | Published : 2007
OBJECTIVE: To examine the differential associations of cigarette retail marketing practices on youth smoking uptake. DESIGN: Analyses from annual, nationally representative, cross-sectional surveys of 8th, 10th, and 12th graders in the United States. SETTING: The February 1999 through June 2003 Monitoring the Future surveys involved 109,308 students and data on retail cigarette marketing collected from 966 communities in which the students reside, as part of the Bridging the Gap Initiative: Research Informing Practice and Policy for Healthy Youth Behavior. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 26,301 students were selected for this study. MAIN EXPOSURES: Point-of-sale advertising, promotions, prices, and..View full abstract