Journal article

Electrochemical fabrication of nanoporous gold

Cheng Fang, Narasimha Murthy Bandaru, Amanda Vera Ellis, Nicolas Hans Voelcker

JOURNAL OF MATERIALS CHEMISTRY | ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY | Published : 2012

Abstract

We demonstrate the electrochemical etching of gold in a solution of hydrofluoric acid and dimethylformamide (DMF) to fabricate nanoporous gold (NpAu) films. Compared to de-alloyed NpAu, the electrochemically etched NpAu exhibits controllable pore size and etching depth by adjusting the etching conditions. We propose an etching mechanism where the organic electrolyte DMF protects the nascent gold pore walls by slowing the dissolution of gold oxide. At the same time, localized reactions occurring at the gold electrode surface focus the etching current for etching into depth. We further modify the as-prepared NpAu surface with single walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) and use the nanotube-decorat..

View full abstract

University of Melbourne Researchers