The Relationship of Superficial Cutaneous Nerves and Interperforator Connections in the Leg: A Cadaveric Anatomical Study
Adam C Gascoigne, G Ian Taylor, Russell J Corlett, Chris Briggs Mark W Ashton
PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY | LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS | Published : 2017
BACKGROUND: The lower limb is a source of many flaps both for closure of local defects and for free transfer. Fasciocutaneous flap techniques have been progressively refined, although the vascular basis for their success needs clarification. METHODS: Archival studies of 48 lower limbs were reviewed and combined with 20 studies of lower limbs from fresh cadavers, making a total of 68 investigations. Lower limbs were injected with a dilute lead oxide solution; the integument was removed and radiographed; and the cutaneous nerves were dissected, tagged with wire, radiographed again, and their paths traced on the original images. RESULTS: The major cutaneous nerves in the leg are paralleled by a..View full abstract
This project was supported by a grant from the Jack Brockhoff Foundation. The authors would like to thank Prue Dodwell for help with the text and figures.