Temperament and Early Stuttering Development: Cross- Sectional Findings From a Community Cohort
Elaina Kefalianos, Mark Onslow, Obioha C Ukoumunne, Susan Block, Sheena Reilly
JOURNAL OF SPEECH LANGUAGE AND HEARING RESEARCH | AMER SPEECH-LANGUAGE-HEARING ASSOC | Published : 2017
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to ascertain if there is an association between stuttering severity and behaviors and the expression of temperament characteristics, including precursors of anxiety. Method: We studied temperament characteristics of a prospectively recruited community cohort of children who stutter (N = 173) at ages 3, 4, and 6 years using the Short Temperament Scale STS (Prior, Sanson, Smart & Oberklaid, 2000). Results: Six of 131 statistical tests of association between stuttering severity and behaviors and temperament traits were statistically significant at the 5% level, which was no more than expected by chance alone. Conclusions: On the basis of parent responses t..View full abstract
Awarded by Australian National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) Grants
The Early Language in Victoria Study (ELVS) was funded by Australian National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) Grants 237106, 436958, and 436958, held by Sheena Reilly. An additional NHMRC program grant, held by M. Onslow, and grants from the Murdoch Childrens Research Institute held by Sheena Reilly and the Faculty of Health Sciences at La Trobe University held by other ELVS chief investigators also supplemented funding for this project. O. C. Ukoumunne is supported by the National Institute for Health Research Collaboration for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care for the South West Peninsula at the Royal Devon and Exeter National Health Service Foundation Trust. The views expressed in this publication are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the National Health Service, the National Institute for Health Research, or the Department of Health in England. Ethical approval was obtained from the Royal Children's Hospital Melbourne (23018) and La Trobe University Human Ethics Committee (03-32). This research was supported by the Victorian Government's Operational Infrastructure Support Program. We would also like to acknowledge the team of ELVS investigators, particularly, Ann Packman, Patricia Eadie, and Melissa Wake, and all of the children and parents who participated in ELVS.