HIV diagnoses in Australia: diverging epidemics within a low-prevalence country.
Rebecca J Guy, Ann M McDonald, Mark J Bartlett, Jo C Murray, Carolien M Giele, Therese M Davey, Ranil D Appuhamy, Peter Knibbs, David Coleman, Margaret E Hellard, Andrew E Grulich, John M Kaldor
The Medical Journal of Australia | Published : 2007
OBJECTIVE: To describe recent trends in the diagnosis of HIV infection in Australia. DESIGN AND SETTING: Analysis of national surveillance system data for 1993-2006. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Number and population rate of new HIV diagnoses by year, exposure route and demographic characteristics. RESULTS: Between 1993 and 2006, 12 313 new diagnoses of HIV infection were reported in Australia. From 1993 to 1999, the annual number of diagnoses declined by 32% from 1056 to 718, and then increased by 31% from 763 in 2000 to 998 in 2006. Between 2000 and 2006, diagnosis rates significantly increased in Victoria, Queensland, South Australia and Western Australia. The most frequent route of HIV exposur..View full abstract