Journal article

Present and lifetime comorbidity of tobacco, alcohol and drug use in eating disorders: A European multicenter study

Isabel Krug, Janet Treasure, Marija Anderluh, Laura Bellodi, Elena Cellini, Milena Di Bernardo, Roser Granero, Andreas Karwautz, Benedetta Nacmias, Eva Penelo, Valdo Ricca, Sandro Sorbi, Kate Tchanturia, Gudrun Wagner, David Collier, Fernando Fernandez-Aranda

DRUG AND ALCOHOL DEPENDENCE | ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD | Published : 2008

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To assess the differences in comorbid lifetime and current substance use (tobacco, alcohol and drug use) between eating disorder (ED) patients and healthy controls in five different European countries. METHOD: A total of 1664 participants took part in the present study. ED cases (n=879) were referred to specialized ED units in five European countries. The ED cases were compared to a balanced control group of 785 healthy individuals. ASSESSMENT: Participants completed the Substance Use Subscale of the Cross Cultural (Environmental) Questionnaire (CCQ), a measure of lifetime tobacco, alcohol and drug use. In the control group, also the GHQ-28, the SCID-I interview and the EAT-26 we..

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