Journal article

Evidence that adenosine triphosphate or a related nucleotide is the transmitter substance released by non-adrenergic inhibitory nerves in the gut.

G Burnstock, G Campbell, D Satchell, A Smythe

British Journal of Pharmacology | Published : 1970

Abstract

1. Stimulation of the vagal non-adrenergic inhibitory innervation caused the release of adenosine and inosine into vascular perfusates from the stomachs of guinea-pigs and toads.2. Stimulation of portions of Auerbach's plexus isolated from turkey gizzard caused the release of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and adenosine monophosphate (AMP).3. ATP, added to solutions perfused through the toad stomach vasculature, was broken down to adenosine, inosine and adenine.4. Of a series of purine and pyrimidine derivatives tested for inhibitory activity on the guinea-pig isolated taenia coli, ATP and ADP were the most potent.5. ATP caused inhibition of twelve other gut prepar..

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