Pathobiology of familial hypercholesterolemic atherosclerosis.
G Aliev, RJ Castellani, RB Petersen, G Burnstock, G Perry, MA Smith
Journal of Submicroscopic Cytology and Pathology | Published : 2004
Many factors play a role in the development of atherosclerotic lesions. One of the leading risk factors for development of atherosclerosis is familial hypercholesterolemia (FH). FH is a genetic disease characterized by a deficiency, and/or mutation, of receptors for low density lipoprotein (LDL) on the plasmalemma of endothelial cells (EC), a high level of low density lipoprotein in the plasma, and early, spontaneous development of atherosclerosis and skin xanthoma. In this review we describe Watanabe heritable hyperlipidemic (WHHL) rabbits, which represent such an animal model for human FH. This strain of the rabbits is characterized by a genetic deficiency or mutation of functional LDL rec..View full abstract