Journal article

Autonomic neuroeffector mechanisms: recent developments.

G Burnstock

Functional Neurology | Published : 1987


Peripheral autonomic control mechanisms are more sophisticated than formerly recognized. The autonomic neuroeffector junction is defined, with emphasis on 'en passage' release of transmitter from varicosities in extensive terminal branching nerve fibres. In addition to the classical autonomic transmitters acetylcholine and noradrenaline, a multiplicity of other neurotransmitter substances are also present, including peptides, purines, indoleamines and amino acids. There is coexistence of different combinations of these substances which, upon release, act either as cotransmitters or neuromodulators. Examples are described, including cotransmission and neuromodulation at sympathetic, parasympa..

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