Journal article

Hypoxia Stimulates Vesicular ATP Release From Rat Osteoblasts

Isabel R Orriss, Gillian E Knight, Jennifer C Utting, Sarah EB Taylor, Geoffrey Burnstock, Timothy R Arnett

Journal of Cellular Physiology | WILEY | Published : 2009

Abstract

Many neuronal and non-neuronal cell types release ATP in a controlled manner. After release, extracellular ATP (or, following hydrolysis, ADP) acts on cells in a paracrine manner via P2 receptors. Extracellular nucleotides are now thought to play an important role in the regulation of bone cell function. ATP (and ADP), acting via the P2Y(1) receptor, stimulate osteoclast formation and activity, whilst P2Y(2) receptor stimulation by ATP (or UTP) inhibits bone mineralization by osteoblasts. We found that rat calvarial osteoblasts released ATP constitutively, in a differentiation-dependent manner, with mature, bone-forming osteoblasts releasing up to sevenfold more ATP than undifferentiated, pr..

View full abstract