Journal article

Endocytosis of hepatitis B immune globulin into hepatocytes inhibits the secretion of hepatitis B virus surface antigen and virions

R Schilling, S Ijaz, M Davidoff, JY Lee, S Locarnini, R Williams, NV Naoumov

Journal of Virology | AMER SOC MICROBIOLOGY | Published : 2003

Abstract

Hepatitis B immunoglobulin is used for prophylaxis against hepatitis B virus (HBV) and is thought to act by neutralization of virions and hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBsAg)-containing particles in circulation. Using a panel of hepatocyte-derived cell lines, the present study investigated in vitro whether HBs-specific immunoglobulin G (IgG) is internalized in hepatocytes and whether it interacts with HBsAg in the cells. By immunoelectron microscopy and immunoblotting, human IgG and FcRn receptor for IgG were demonstrated on cellular membranes and in cytoplasmic extracts, irrespective of the HBsAg status of the cells. Furthermore, HBsAg and anti-HBs were shown to be colocalized in the s..

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