Journal article

Transmission of human and feline immunodeficiency viruses via reused suture material.

JD Druce, WF Robinson, SA Locarnini, MT Kyaw-Tanner, SF Sommerlad, CJ Birch

Journal of Medical Virology | Published : 1997


Several documented cases of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection have involved unconventional or unknown modes of transmission of the virus. Some such cases have occurred within a surgical setting. We investigated the potential for transmission of HIV on suture material that had been reused following passage through an HIV-infected patient. Initial experiments were conducted in vitro using HIV. To provide stronger evidence that HIV could be transmitted via this route, further experiments were undertaken in vivo using a feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV)/cat model. Both methods indicated the possibility of transmission of virus if suture materials were reused.