Hepatitis B virus with antigenically altered hepatitis B surface antigen is selected by high-dose hepatitis B immune globulin after liver transplantation.
U Protzer-Knolle, U Naumann, R Bartenschlager, T Berg, U Hopf, KH Meyer zum Büschenfelde, P Neuhaus, G Gerken
Hepatology | Published : 1998
"Escape" variants of hepatitis B virus (HBV) can cause infection despite previous immunization. These viruses show alterations of the immunogenic major hydrophilic loop of the HBV small surface protein (s-protein). We studied whether HBV "escape" variants were selected in patients with graft infection after liver transplantation for HBV-related diseases who received passive immunoprophylaxis with high-dose polyclonal hepatitis B hyperimmune globulin (HBIG). For that, pre- and posttransplantation sera of 34 patients were analyzed for the occurence of HBV S-gene variants. In addition, binding of in vitro-translated variant s-proteins to HBIG was studied. Variants with exchanges of amino acid (..View full abstract