THE PRPP SYNTHETASE SPECTRUM: WHAT DOES IT DEMONSTRATE ABOUT NUCLEOTIDE SYNDROMES?
John A Duley, John Christodoulou, Arjan PM de Brouwer
NUCLEOSIDES NUCLEOTIDES & NUCLEIC ACIDS | TAYLOR & FRANCIS INC | Published : 2011
Defects in X-linked phosphoribosylpyrophosphate synthetase 1 (PRPS1) manifest as follows: (1) PRS-I enzyme "superactivity" (gain-of-function mutations affecting allosteric regions); (2) PRS-I overexpression (which may be linked to miRNA mutation); (3) severe PRS-I deficiency/Arts syndrome (missense mutations producing loss-of-function); (4) moderate PRS-I deficiency/Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease-5 (less severe loss-of-function mutations); and (5) mild PRS-I deficiency/Deafness-2 (mutations producing slight destabilization). Similar to Lesch-Nyhan disease, PRPS1-related disorders arise from phosphoribosyl-pyrophosphate (PRPP)-dependent nucleotide "depletion" of purine nucleotides (e.g., ATP, GT..View full abstract