Journal article

Language, Mixed Communes, and Infrastructure: Sources of Inequality and Ethnic Minorities in Vietnamo

Nguyen Hoa-Thi-Minh, Tom Kompas, Trevor Breusch, Michael B Ward

WORLD DEVELOPMENT | PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD | Published : 2017

Abstract

This paper re-examines the sources of inequality in Vietnam, a transitional economy with large reductions in poverty from recent and dramatic economic growth, but vastly unequal gains across ethnic groups. Using a decomposition approach to disentangle factor endowments and returns by ethnic group, we draw four key conclusions. First, removing language barriers would significantly reduce inequality among ethnic groups, narrowing the ethnic gap, and especially so through enhancing the gains earned by minorities from education. Second, variations in returns to education exist in favor of the majority in mixed communes, suggesting that either the special needs of minority children have not been ..

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University of Melbourne Researchers