Buspirone and meperidine synergistically reduce the shivering threshold.
M Mokhtarani, AN Mahgoub, N Morioka, AG Doufas, M Dae, TE Shaughnessy, AR Bjorksten, DI Sessler
Anesth Analg | Published : 2001
UNLABELLED: Mild hypothermia (i.e., 34 degrees C) may prove therapeutic for patients with stroke, but it usually provokes shivering. We tested the hypothesis that the combination of buspirone (a serotonin 1A partial agonist) and meperidine synergistically reduces the shivering threshold (triggering tympanic membrane temperature) to at least 34 degrees C while producing little sedation or respiratory depression. Eight volunteers each participated on four randomly-assigned days: 1) large-dose oral buspirone (60 mg); 2) large-dose IV meperidine (target plasma concentration of 0.8 microg/mL); 3) the combination of buspirone (30 mg) and meperidine (0.4 microg/mL); and 4) a control day without dru..View full abstract