A new system to target the effect-site during propofol sedation.
AG Doufas, M Bakhshandeh, AR Bjorksten, R Greif, DI Sessler
Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica | Published : 2003
BACKGROUND: We evaluated a new, integrated, covariate-adjusted, target-controlled infusion system during sedation with propofol combined with 50% nitrous oxide (N2O) and with propofol only (Air). METHODS: The protocol consisted of sequential 15-minute cycles in 20 volunteers. After a 15-minute control period, propofol was infused to an initial target effect-site concentration of 0.25 microg x ml-1 (N2O) or 1.5 microg x ml-1 (Air). Subsequently, the target effect-site concentration was increased by 0.25 (N2O) or 0.5 microg x ml-1 (Air) for 15 min This sequence was continued until the volunteers lost consciousness as defined by an Observer's Assessment Alertness/Sedation (OAA/S) score = 2. RES..View full abstract