Automated responsiveness test and bispectral index monitoring during propofol and propofol/N2O sedation.
AG Doufas, M Bakhshandeh, GS Haugh, AR Bjorksten, R Greif, DI Sessler
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand | Published : 2003
BACKGROUND: Sedation practice, especially when non-anaesthesia personnel are involved, requires efficient anaesthetic depth monitoring. Therefore, we used prediction probability (PK) to evaluate the performance of the bispectral index (BIS) of the EEG and automated responsiveness test (ART) to predict sedation depth and loss of subject's responsiveness during propofol sedation, with and without N2O. METHODS: Twenty volunteers were studied during propofol administration with (N2O) and without (Air) N2O. The protocol consisted of sequential 15-min cycles. After a control period, propofol was infused to a target effect-site concentration of 0.25 microg/ml (N2O) or 1.5 microg/ml (Air), which was..View full abstract