The effects of cardiopulmonary bypass on total and unbound plasma concentrations of propofol and midazolam.
PJ Dawson, AR Bjorksten, DW Blake, JC Goldblatt
J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth | Published : 1997
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) on total and unbound plasma concentrations of propofol and midazolam when administered by continuous infusion during cardiac surgery. DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. SETTING: University hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-four adult patients undergoing cardiac surgery. INTERVENTIONS: Patients received either propofol or midazolam to supplement fentanyl anesthesia. Twelve patients received a propofol bolus (1 mg/kg) followed by an infusion of 3 mg/kg/hr. A second group received midazolam, 0.2 mg/kg bolus, followed by an infusion of 0.07 mg/kg/hr. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Blood sample were collected from the radial artery c..View full abstract