Journal article

Alfentanil blocks reflex pupillary dilation in response to noxious stimulation but does not diminish the light reflex.

MD Larson, A Kurz, DI Sessler, M Dechert, AR Bjorksten, F Tayefeh

Anesthesiology | Published : 1997

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Estimation of the mu-agonist opioid effect in anesthetized and paralyzed patients is often imprecise and can be obscured by concomitant administration of drugs that affect the sympathetic nervous system, such as beta-adrenergic blocking agents. As an alternative to hemodynamic measures of opioid effect, the authors tested the hypothesis that the pupillary light reflex or pupillary reflex dilation correlated with alfentanil concentrations during isoflurane anesthesia. METHODS: Six volunteers were anesthetized on 4 days with 0.8% isoflurane. Alfentanil was administered intravenously to target total plasma concentrations of 0, 25, 50, and 100 ng/ml. A 5-s tetanic electrical stimulus..

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