Autonomic effects of epidural and intravenous fentanyl.
MD Larson, PD Berry, J May, A Bjorksten, DI Sessler
British Journal of Anaesthesia | Published : 2007
BACKGROUND: We tested the hypothesis that there is greater suppression of autonomic reflexes during general anaesthesia when fentanyl is administered epidurally than when it is given intravenously. METHODS: Ten volunteers were anaesthetized with desflurane. Noxious stimuli of variable intensity were then delivered by tetanic electrical stimuli. Heart rate, arterial pressure, and pupillary dilation in response to these stimuli defined nociception. Seven of these volunteers participated twice using a crossover design: they received i.v. fentanyl on one study day and epidurally on the other. Autonomic responses to alternative tetanic stimuli at L4 and C5 dermatomes were measured every 5 min for..View full abstract
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