Pharmacokinetics of intravenous N-acetylcysteine in men at rest and during exercise.
Malcolm Brown, Andrew Bjorksten, Ivan Medved, Michael McKenna
European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology | Published : 2004
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine the pharmacokinetics (PK) of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) at rest and during exercise when given by continuous intravenous infusion intended to maintain relatively constant plasma concentrations. METHODS: Plasma concentrations of NAC were measured in 24 healthy male subjects during and after a two-stage intravenous infusion designed to provide constant NAC concentrations during cycling exercise, including intense exercise to fatigue. RESULTS: A three-compartment, open PK model was the best fit using population PK analysis with NONMEM. Whole-body clearance (CL) was 0.58 l kg(-1) h(-1) (95% CI 0.44-0.72) for reduced NAC (NACR) and 0.16 (0.13-0.20) l kg(-1) h(-1) for ..View full abstract