Journal article

Arousal-Induced Hypocapnia Does Not Reduce Genioglossus Activity in Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Jennifer M Cori, Therese Thornton, Fergal J O'Donoghue, Peter D Rochford, David P White, John Trinder, Amy S Jordan

SLEEP | OXFORD UNIV PRESS INC | Published : 2017

Abstract

Study Objectives: To determine whether arousals that terminate obstructive events in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) (1) induce hypocapnia and (2) subsequently reduce genioglossus muscle activity following the return to sleep. Methods: Thirty-one untreated patients with OSA slept instrumented with sleep staging electrodes, nasal mask and pneumotachograph, end-tidal CO2 monitoring, and intramuscular genioglossus electrodes. End-tidal CO2 was monitored, and respiratory arousals were assigned an end-arousal CO2 change value (PETCO2 on the last arousal breath minus each individual's wakefulness PETCO2). This change value, in conjunction with the normal sleep related increase in PETCO2, was used to..

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