Journal article

Evolution of Left Ventricular Size in Late Survivors of Surgery for Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome

Markus Bjurbom, Ajay J Iyengar, Florian Moenkemeyer, Igor E Konstantinov, Christian P Brizard, Yves d'Udekem

ANNALS OF THORACIC SURGERY | ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC | Published : 2017

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Aortic atresia and mitral atresia are predictors of adverse events in early life in patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome, but it is unclear whether late outcomes are also affected, and whether this impact is related to a small hypertrophied left ventricle (LV) that impairs right ventricle (RV) function. METHODS: Thirty patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome surviving with a Fontan procedure were identified. Follow-up echocardiograms were available at birth, before the Fontan procedure, and several years after. Mean follow-up time was 10.9 ± 3.1 years. Measurements included interventricular septum thickness and ventricular length. The LV/RV length ratio at birth wa..

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