Journal article

Ten questions concerning smart districts

Nicholas Good, Eduardo A Martinez Cesena, Pierluigi Mancarella



As an extension of the ‘energy trilemma’ of affordability/sustainability/security to also include social acceptance, the ‘energy quadrilemma’, is driving multiple and complex developments in energy systems, particularly at the level of distributed energy resources. These, and in particular demand side resources, may have an important role in providing the flexibility required for electricity systems to integrate low carbon technologies, while also increasing the efficiency of the energy system as a whole. This is particularly relevant to resources that are aggregated in districts, for instance through community energy systems, that also adopt various enabling ‘smart’ technologies, thus becom..

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Awarded by European Commission

Awarded by COOPERaTE

Awarded by DIMMER

Awarded by Horizon 2020 SEAF

Awarded by UK EPSRC through the MY-STORE

Awarded by Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council

Funding Acknowledgements

The authors would like to acknowledge the support received from the European Commission in relation to the FP7 ADDRESS (grant number 207643), COOPERaTE (grant number 600063) and DIMMER (grant number 609084), and the Horizon 2020 SEAF (grant number 696023) projects, the support received by the UK EPSRC through the MY-STORE (grant number EP/N001974/1) project, and the support received from Electricity North West through the Smart Street project.