The Melbourne Family Grief Study, I: Perceptions of family functioning in bereavement.
DW Kissane, S Bloch, DL Dowe, RD Snyder, P Onghena, DP McKenzie, CS Wallace
Am J Psychiatry | Published : 1996
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify patterns of family functioning in adult families after the death of a parent. METHOD: One hundred fifteen families completed measures of family functioning, grief, psychological state, and social adjustment 6 weeks (time 1), 6 months (time 2), and 13 months (time 3) after the death of a parent (a total of 670 individual responses). Cluster analytic methods were applied to develop a typology of perceptions of family functioning during bereavement. RESULTS: Five types of families emerged from dimensions of cohesiveness, conflict, and expressiveness on the Family Environment Scale. Thirty-six percent of the families were considered supportive bec..View full abstract