Journal article

Positive impact of Australian 'blindness' tobacco warning labels: findings from the ITC four country survey

Ryan David Kennedy, Marlee M Spafford, Ilan Behm, David Hammond, Geoffrey T Fong, Ron Borland

Clinical and Experimental Optometry | WILEY | Published : 2012


BACKGROUND: Smokers with greater knowledge of the health effects of smoking are more likely to quit and remain abstinent. Australia has communicated the causal association of smoking and blindness since the late 1990s. In March 2007, Australia became the first country to include a pictorial warning label on cigarette packages with the message that smoking causes blindness. The current study tested the hypothesis that the introduction of this warning label increased smokers' knowledge of this important health effect. METHODS: Six waves of the International Tobacco Control Four Country Survey were conducted, as a telephone survey of 17,472 adult smokers in Australia, Canada, United Kingdom and..

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Awarded by National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia

Awarded by Canadian Institutes for Health Research

Awarded by U.S. National Cancer Institute

Awarded by Robert Wood Johnson Foundation

Awarded by Cancer Research UK


Funding Acknowledgements

Funding support for the ITC Four Country Survey was provided by the National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia (265903 and 450110), Commonwealth Department of Health and Ageing, Canadian Institutes for Health Research (57897, 79551, and 115016), U.S. National Cancer Institute (P50 CA111236 and RO1 CA100362), Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (045734), Cancer Research UK (C312/A3726, C312/A6465, C312/A11039 and C312/A11943) and the Ontario Institute for Cancer Research (Senior Investigator Award). Additional support was provided from the Canadian Cancer Society through the Propel Centre for Population Health Impact and a Canadian Institutes of Health Research New Investigator Award and the Canadian Cancer Society Research Institute Junior Investigator Award (Hammond).