Journal article

Health-care interventions to promote and assist tobacco cessation: a review of efficacy, effectiveness and affordability for use in national guideline development

Robert West, Martin Raw, Ann McNeill, Lindsay Stead, Paul Aveyard, John Bitton, John Stapleton, Hayden McRobbie, Subhash Pokhrel, Adam Lester-George, Ron Borland

Addiction | WILEY | Published : 2015

Abstract

AIMS: This paper provides a concise review of the efficacy, effectiveness and affordability of health-care interventions to promote and assist tobacco cessation, in order to inform national guideline development and assist countries in planning their provision of tobacco cessation support. METHODS: Cochrane reviews of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of major health-care tobacco cessation interventions were used to derive efficacy estimates in terms of percentage-point increases relative to comparison conditions in 6-12-month continuous abstinence rates. This was combined with analysis and evidence from 'real world' studies to form a judgement on the probable effectiveness of each interve..

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Grants

Awarded by Cancer Research UK


Awarded by Economic and Social Research Council


Awarded by Medical Research Council


Funding Acknowledgements

M.R. gratefully acknowledges Bloomberg Philanthropies, who funded his work on this review, and on the design and testing of the affordability calculator. We are also grateful to the Society for the Study of Addiction and Cancer Research UK funding this project.