Book Chapter

Cancer: Skin

R Borland, S Dobbinson

Cambridge Handbook of Psychology, Health and Medicine, Second Edition | Published : 2014

Abstract

Epidemiology of skin cancer Skin cancers can be broadly classified into two types, melanomas and non-melanomas. Melanomas are cancer of the melanocytes, which lie in the basal layer of the epidermis. Melanomas, unless detected at an early stage have a high fatality rate. Non-melanocytic skin cancers include two major types, basal cell carcinomas and squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs). Both of these forms of skin cancer are relatively benign; however, if neglected they can result in significant morbidity and, in some cases, death (especially from SCC). The incidence of skin cancer is rising among fair-skinned populations throughout the world with the highest rates in Australia. People whose skin..

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