Journal article

The motivation to stay abstinent in ex-smokers: Comparing the present with the past

Arie Dijkstra, Ron Borland, Bram P Buunk

Addictive Behaviors | PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD | Published : 2007


Little is known about the motivation of ex-smokers to stay abstinent. In the present study we argue that ex-smokers compare their present to their past when they still smoked to conclude whether they make good progress towards a satisfactory state of continued abstinence. These temporal comparisons are thought to be central in the motivation to stay abstinent in ex-smokers. The power of temporal comparisons to predict relapse was tested in two related samples of ex-smokers (N=152 and N=197), together with two other relevant psychological factors; positive outcome expectations of smoking and self-efficacy expectations. In the first sample of ex-smokers, only temporal comparisons predicted rel..

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