Journal article

Predictors of smoking relapse by duration of abstinence: findings from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Four Country Survey

Natalie Herd, Ron Borland, Andrew Hyland

Addiction | WILEY | Published : 2009

Abstract

AIM: To explore predictors of smoking relapse and how predictors vary according to duration of abstinence. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A longitudinal survey of 1296 ex-smokers recruited as part of the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Four Country Survey (Australia, Canada, United Kingdom and United States). Measurements Quitters were interviewed by telephone at varying durations of abstinence (from 1 day to approximately 3 years) and then followed-up approximately 1 year later. Theorized predictors of relapse (i.e. urges to smoke; outcome expectancies of smoking and quitting; and abstinence self-efficacy) and nicotine dependence were measured in the survey. FINDINGS: Relapse was ass..

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Grants

Awarded by National Cancer Institute of the United States


Awarded by Roswell Park Transdisciplinary Tobacco Use Research Center


Awarded by Robert Wood Johnson Foundation


Awarded by Canadian Institutes of Health Research


Awarded by National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia


Awarded by Cancer Research UK


Awarded by Canadian Tobacco Control Research Initiative


Awarded by NATIONAL CANCER INSTITUTE


Funding Acknowledgements

The first author was supported by an Australian Postgraduate Award. This research was funded by grants from the National Cancer Institute of the United States (R01 CA 100362), the Roswell Park Transdisciplinary Tobacco Use Research Center (P50 CA111236), Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (045734), Canadian Institutes of Health Research (57897 and 79551), National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia (265903 and 450110), Cancer Research UK (C312/A3726) and Canadian Tobacco Control Research Initiative (014578), with additional support from the Centre for Behavioural Research and Program Evaluation, National Cancer Institute of Canada/Canadian Cancer Society.