Effectiveness of cigarette warning labels in informing smokers about the risks of smoking: findings from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Four Country Survey.
D Hammond, GT Fong, A McNeill, R Borland, KM Cummings
Tobacco Control | Published : 2006
BACKGROUND: Health warnings on cigarette packages are among the most common means of communicating the health risks of smoking. However, few studies have evaluated the impact of package warnings on consumer knowledge about tobacco risks. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current study was to use nationally representative samples of adult smokers from the United States (USA), the United Kingdom (UK), Canada (CAN), and Australia (AUS) from the International Tobacco Control Four Country Survey (ITC-4) to examine variations in smokers' knowledge about tobacco risks and the impact of package warnings. METHODS: A telephone survey was conducted with 9058 adult smokers from the following countries: USA (n =..View full abstract