Protection from environmental tobacco smoke in California. The case for a smoke-free workplace.
R Borland, JP Pierce, DM Burns, E Gilpin, M Johnson, D Bal
Journal of the American Medical Association | Published : 1992
OBJECTIVE: To determine the extent of exposure of nonsmoking indoor workers to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) according to type of work-site smoking policy, work area, workplace size, and demographic characteristics. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: Participants included 7162 adult, nonsmoking, indoor workers who were interviewed as part of the 1990 California Tobacco Survey. Respondents were asked whether anyone had smoked in their work area within the past 2 weeks. RESULTS: An estimated 2.2 million California nonsmokers were exposed to tobacco smoke at indoor work sites in 1990. Nonsmoker exposure to ETS was 9.3% for those working in a smoke-free worksite, 23.2% for those working where there wa..View full abstract