Journal article

Do risk-minimizing beliefs about smoking inhibit quitting? Findings from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Four-Country Survey

Ron Borland, Hua-Hie Yong, James Balmford, Geoffrey T Fong, Mark P Zanna, Gerard Hastings

Preventive Medicine | ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE | Published : 2009

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To replicate findings that risk-minimizing and self-exempting beliefs lower quit intentions, and to extend this by testing their capacity to prospectively predict smoking cessation. METHOD: 13,324 adult (> or =18 years) cigarette smokers from the USA, Canada, UK, and Australia from one of the first three waves (2002-2004) of the International Tobacco Control 4-Country survey were employed for the predictive analysis where beliefs measured in one wave (1-3) of a cohort were used to predict cessation outcomes in the next wave (2-4). RESULTS: Both types of belief were negatively associated with both intention to quit in the same wave and making a quit attempt at the next wave. When t..

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Grants

Awarded by National Cancer Institute of the United States


Awarded by Roswell Park Transdiscipli nary Tobacco Use Research Center


Awarded by Robert Wood Johnson Foundation


Awarded by Canadian Institutes of Health Research


Awarded by National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia


Awarded by Cancer Research UK


Awarded by Canadian Tobacco Control Research Initiative


Funding Acknowledgements

This research was funded by grants from the National Cancer Institute of the United States (R01 CA 100362), the Roswell Park Transdiscipli nary Tobacco Use Research Center (P50 CA111236), Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (045734), Canadian Institutes of Health Research (57897 and 79551), National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia (265903 and 450110), Cancer Research UK (C312/A3726), and Canadian Tobacco Control Research Initiative (014578), with additional support from the Centre for Behavioural Research and Program Evaluation, National Cancer Institute of Canada/Canadian Cancer Society.