Journal article

Mapping the spatial distribution of the Japanese encephalitis vector, Culex tritaeniorhynchus Giles, 1901 (Diptera: Culicidae) within areas of Japanese encephalitis risk

Joshua Longbottom, Annie J Browne, David M Pigott, Marianne E Sinka, Nick Golding, Simon I Hay, Catherine L Moyes, Freya M Shearer



BACKGROUND: Japanese encephalitis (JE) is one of the most significant aetiological agents of viral encephalitis in Asia. This medically important arbovirus is primarily spread from vertebrate hosts to humans by the mosquito vector Culex tritaeniorhynchus. Knowledge of the contemporary distribution of this vector species is lacking, and efforts to define areas of disease risk greatly depend on a thorough understanding of the variation in this mosquito's geographical distribution. RESULTS: We assembled a contemporary database of Cx. tritaeniorhynchus presence records within Japanese encephalitis risk areas from formal literature and other relevant resources, resulting in 1,045 geo-referenced, ..

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Awarded by Wellcome Trust

Awarded by Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

Awarded by University of Melbourne

Funding Acknowledgements

SIH is funded by a Senior Research Fellowship from the Wellcome Trust (# 095066), and grants from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (OPP1119467, OPP1093011, OPP1106023 and OPP1132415). OPP1093011 also supports CLM, JL, AJB and DMP. NG is supported by a McKenzie fellowship from the University of Melbourne. FMS acknowledges funding from a University of Oxford Rhodes Scholarship ( None of the funders had any role in the design, collection, analysis or interpretation of data; or in the writing of the manuscript; or in the decision to submit the manuscript for publication.