Prostate cancer mortality after introduction of prostate-specific antigen mass screening in the Federal State of Tyrol, Austria.
G Bartsch, W Horninger, H Klocker, A Reissigl, W Oberaigner, D Schönitzer, G Severi, C Robertson, P Boyle, undefined Tyrol Prostate Cancer Screening Group
Urology | Published : 2001
OBJECTIVES: To monitor the impact of screening in a natural experiment by comparing prostate cancer mortality in Tyrol, where prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing was introduced at no charge, with the rest of Austria, where it was not introduced. METHODS: In 1993, PSA testing was made freely available to men aged 45 to 75 years in the Federal State of Tyrol, Austria. At least two thirds of all men in this age range have been tested at least once during the first 5 years of the study. Initially, only total PSA was measured, but free PSA measurement was added in 1995. The IMX assay was used. Digital rectal examination was not part of the screening examination. RESULTS: Significant migration..View full abstract