Screening for prostate cancer: updated experience from the Tyrol study.
Wolfgang Horninger, Andreas Berger, Alexandre Pelzer, Helmut Klocker, Wilhelm Oberaigner, Dieter Schönitzer, Gianluca Severi, Chris Robertson, Peter Boyle, Georg Bartsch
Curr Urol Rep | Published : 2004
The aim of the Tyrol study was to monitor the impact of screening in a natural experiment by comparing prostate cancer mortality in Tyrol, where prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing was introduced at no charge, with the rest of Austria, where it was not strictly organized and not free of charge. In 1993, PSA testing was made freely available to men between the ages of 45 and 75 years in the Federal State of Tyrol, Austria. At least 70% of all of the men in this age range have been tested at least once during the first 10 years of the study. Initially, only total PSA was measured, but free PSA measurement was added in 1995. Since 2001, complexed PSA also has been measured. Digital rectal e..View full abstract