Isolation and characterization of the promoter region of the human intercellular adhesion molecule-1 gene.
SO Wawryk, PN Cockerill, IP Wicks, AW Boyd
Int Immunol | Published : 1991
We have isolated and restriction enzyme-mapped a human genomic DNA clone encompassing the first two exons and the 5' flanking sequence of the human intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) gene. The transcription initiation site was identified using primer extension analysis, and 1.7 kb of DNA upstream of the transcription initiation site was sequenced. The 5' region and first exon of the ICAM-1 gene was found to be a CpG island as it was (i) (G + C)-rich with a high frequency of the dinucleotide CpG and (ii) hypomethylated irrespective of the level of ICAM-1 expression in the tissues examined. These features of the ICAM-1 promoter are similar to the promoters of many 'housekeeping' genes...View full abstract