IL-23 is essential for T cell-mediated colitis and promotes inflammation via IL-17 and IL-6.
David Yen, Jeanne Cheung, Heleen Scheerens, Frédérique Poulet, Terrill McClanahan, Brent McKenzie, Melanie A Kleinschek, Alex Owyang, Jeanine Mattson, Wendy Blumenschein, Erin Murphy, Manjiri Sathe, Daniel J Cua, Robert A Kastelein, Donna Rennick
J Clin Invest | Published : 2006
Uncontrolled mucosal immunity in the gastrointestinal tract of humans results in chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), such as Crohn disease and ulcerative colitis. In early clinical trials as well as in animal models, IL-12 has been implicated as a major mediator of these diseases based on the ability of anti-p40 mAb treatment to reverse intestinal inflammation. The cytokine IL-23 shares the same p40 subunit with IL-12, and the anti-p40 mAbs used in human and mouse IBD studies neutralized the activities of both IL-12 and IL-23. IL-10-deficient mice spontaneously develop enterocolitis. To determine how IL-23 contributes to intestinal inflammation, we studied the disease susceptibility in..View full abstract