Retinoic acid effects on an SV-40 large T antigen immortalized adult rat bone cell line.
MH Lafage-Proust, G Wesolowski, M Ernst, GA Rodan, SB Rodan
Journal of Cellular Physiology | Published : 1999
Clonal cell lines were established from adult rat tibia cells immortalized with SV-40 large T antigen. One clone (TRAB-11), in which retinoic acid (RA) induced alkaline phosphatase (AP) activity, was selected for further study. The TRAB-11 cells express high levels of type I collagen mRNA, type IV collagen, fibronectin, practically no type III collagen, little osteopontin, and no osteocalcin. RA stimulates proliferation of TRAB-11 cells (starting at 10 pM) and survival (starting at 100 pM). TRAB-11 cells synthesize fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2), which has potent autocrine mitogenic effects on these cells and acts synergistically with RA. TRAB-11 cells attach better to type IV collagen t..View full abstract