Journal article

Human-specific bacterial pore-forming toxins induce programmed necrosis in erythrocytes.

Timothy J LaRocca, Elizabeth A Stivison, Eldad A Hod, Steven L Spitalnik, Peter J Cowan, Tara M Randis, Adam J Ratner

mBio | Published : 2014

Abstract

UNLABELLED: A subgroup of the cholesterol-dependent cytolysin (CDC) family of pore-forming toxins (PFTs) has an unusually narrow host range due to a requirement for binding to human CD59 (hCD59), a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-linked complement regulatory molecule. hCD59-specific CDCs are produced by several organisms that inhabit human mucosal surfaces and can act as pathogens, including Gardnerella vaginalis and Streptococcus intermedius. The consequences and potential selective advantages of such PFT host limitation have remained unknown. Here, we demonstrate that, in addition to species restriction, PFT ligation of hCD59 triggers a previously unrecognized pathway for programmed nec..

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