Adenosine A2A receptor antagonists: blockade of adenosinergic effects and T regulatory cells.
M Sitkovsky, D Lukashev, S Deaglio, K Dwyer, SC Robson, A Ohta
Br J Pharmacol | Published : 2008
The intensity and duration of host responses are determined by protective mechanisms that control tissue injury by dampening down inflammation. Adenosine generation and consequent effects, mediated via A2A adenosine receptors (A2AR) on effector cells, play a critical role in the pathophysiological modulation of these responses in vivo. Adenosine is both released by hypoxic cells/tissues and is also generated from extracellular nucleotides by ecto-enzymes e.g. CD39 (ENTPD1) and CD73 that are expressed by the vasculature and immune cells, in particular by T regulatory cell. In general, these adenosinergic mechanisms minimize the extent of collateral damage to host tissues during the course of ..View full abstract