Relationship between diabetes and grayscale fractal dimensions of retinal vasculature in the Indian population.
Behzad Aliahmad, Dinesh Kant Kumar, Marc George Sarossy, Rajeev Jain
BMC Ophthalmol | Published : 2014
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus is rapidly increasing in the Indian population. The purpose of this study was to identify changes in the retinal vasculature of diabetic people, ahead of visual impairments. Grayscale Fractal Dimension (FD) analysis of retinal images was performed on people with type 2 diabetes from an Indian population. METHODS: A cross-sectional study comprising 189 Optic Disc (OD) centred retinal images of healthy and diabetic individuals aged 14 to 73 years was conducted. Grayscale Box Counting FD of these retinal photographs was measured without manual supervision. Statistical analysis was conducted to determine the difference in the FD between diabetic and healthy (non-dia..View full abstract